Between Two and Six? Towards Correct Estimation of JND Step Sizes for VMAF-based Bitrate Laddering

 14th International Conference on Quality of Multimedia Experience (QoMEX)

September 5-7, 2022 | Lippstadt, Germany

Conference Website


Hadi Amirpour (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt)Raimund Schatz (AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria)and Christian Timmerer (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt)


We currently witness the rapidly growing importance of intelligent video streaming quality optimization and reduction of video delivery costs. Per-Title encoding, in contrast to a fixed bitrate ladder, shows significant promise to deliver higher quality video streams by addressing the trade-off between compression efficiency and video characteristics such as resolution and frame rate.
Selecting encodings with noticeable quality differences in between prevents the construction of an inefficient bitrate ladder that suffers from too similar quality representations.
In this respect, the VMAF metric represents a promising foundation for bitrate laddering, as it currently yields the highest video quality prediction performance. However, the minimum noticeable quality difference, referred as to just-noticeable-difference (JND), has not been properly validated for VMAF yet, with existing sources proposing highly diverse ΔVMAF step sizes ranging from two to six.


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