IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME), 2023
10-14 July 2023, Brisbane, Australia
Vignesh V Menon (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt), Jingwen Zhu (Nantes Universite), Prajit T Rajendran (Universite Paris-Saclay), Hadi Amirpour (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt), Patrick Le Callet (Nantes Universite), and Christian Timmerer (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt).
In video streaming applications, a fixed set of bitrate-resolution pairs (known as a bitrate ladder) is typically used during the entire streaming session. However, an optimized bitrate ladder per scene may result in (i) decreased storage or delivery costs or/and (ii) increased Quality of Experience. This paper introduces a Just Noticeable Difference (JND)-aware per-scene bitrate ladder prediction scheme (JASLA) for adaptive video-on-demand streaming applications. JASLA predicts jointly optimized resolutions and corresponding constant rate factors (CRFs) using spatial and temporal complexity features for a given set of target bitrates for every scene, which yields an efficient constrained Variable Bitrate encoding. Moreover, bitrate-resolution pairs that yield distortion lower than one JND are eliminated. Experimental results show that, on average, JASLA yields bitrate savings of 34.42% and 42.67% to maintain the same PSNR and VMAF, respectively, compared to the reference HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) bitrate ladder Constant Bitrate encoding using x265 HEVC encoder, where the maximum resolution of streaming is Full HD (1080p). Moreover, a 54.34% average cumulative decrease in storage space is observed.